The Tsunami- CBSE grade VIII English


Summary

In tsunami Ignecious , the manager of a cooperative society, lost two of his children, wife and father-in-law as he could not get alarmed by the tremor.
Sanjeev was a policeman. He jumped into the water to rescue his cook’s wife, but they were both swept away.
Both Meghna’s and Almas’ families were washed away. Both of them kept floating in the sea for days. Meghna floated in the sea for two days holding on to a wooden door. She was brought to the shore by a wave. Similarly, Almas climbed on to a log of wood and fainted. She woke up in a hospital. Both the girls were traumatized after the incident. While Meghna was seen walking on the seashore in daze, Almas does not talk about the incident to anyone. Both of them were not noticed by relief helicopters.

Tilly Smith (a British school girl ) was able to save many lives when the tsunami struck Phuket beach in Thailand as she had seen the sea behaving in the same way in a video in her class of a tsunami that had hit the Hawaiian islands in 1946. She had won a number of awards. The tourist thanked Tilly and her geography lesson that had warned her.
Before tsunami in India and Sri Lanka, wild and domestic animals fled to safety, elephants ran for higher grounds; dogs refuse to go outdoors; flamingos abandoned their low-lying breeding areas as seemed to know what was about to happen.
It is believed that animals either posses a sixth sense or have more acute hearing that helps them to hear or feel earth’s vibration. Near about 150,000 people killed in tsunami in a dozen countries but not many animals reported dead.

Answers of Text Book

Q: Say whether the following are true or false

  •  Ignecious lost his wife, two children, his father-in law, and his brother-in-law in the tsunami.
  • Sanjeev made it to safety after the tsunami.
  • Meghna was saved by a relief helicopter.
  •  Almas’s father realised that a tsunami was going to hit the island.
  •  Her mother and aunts were washed away with the tree that they were holding on to.

 Answer:

  • True
  • False(Sanjeev was swept away when he jumped into the water to rescue the wife of the guesthouse cook.)
  • False(Meghna saw relief helicopters overhead, but they did not see her. She was brought to the shore by a wave.)
  •  True
  •  True

 Answer the following in a phrase or sentence.

Q: Why did Tilly’s family come to Thaliand?
A: Tilly’s family came to Thailand to celebrate Christmas at a beach resort.

Q:What were the warning sign that both Tilly and her mother saw?
A: Both Tilly and her mother saw the sea rising and swelling up forming whirlpools.

Q:Do you think Tilly’s mother was alarmed by them?
A: Tilly’s mother could not understand what was happening and only realized that something serious was going to happen when Tilly got frightened and mentioned what a Tsunami was.

Q:Where had Tilly seen the sea behaving in the same strange fashion?
A: Tilly had seen the sea behaving in the same strange fashion in a video of a tsunami (shown in her geography class) which had hit the Hawaiian Islands in 1946.

Q:Where did the Smith family and the others on the beach go to escape from the tsunami?
A: The Smith family and the others on the beach took refuge on the third floor of a hotel.

Q:How do you think her geography teacher felt when he heard about what Tilly had done in Phuket?
A: Tilly’s geography teacher must have felt proud of her as she had made use of what she had learnt in class to help save so many lives.

 

Q: How did Sanjeev loose his life?
A:  Sanjeev was a policeman. When he heard cries for help from the wife of his cook, he jumped into the water to rescue her. But they were both swept away.

Q: What is Tsunami? How it is caused?
A:. A Tsunami is a very large and powerful wave caused by earthquakes under the sea. It is caused by earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides.

Q: Why was Tilly awarded?
A: Tilly was awarded because she had saved the lives of many tourists after remembering the video of a Tsunami which was shown in her class.

Long answers

Q: When he felt the earthquake, do you think Ignesious immediately worried about a tsunami? Give reasons for your answer. Which sentence in the text tells you that the Ignesious family did not have any time to discuss and plan their course of action after the tsunami struck?

A: No, Ignesious did not suspect a tsunami when he felt the tremors. He put his television set on the ground so that it would not fall and break. This shows that he was not get worried of a tsunami immediately. Otherwise, he would have rushed out of the house immediately. The sentence in the text which shows that the Ignesious family did not have any time to discuss and plan their course of action after the tsunami struck is: ‘in the chaos and confusion, two of his children caught hold of the hands of their mother’s father and mother’s brother, and rushed in the opposite direction.’

Q:How are Meghna and Almas’s stories similar?
A:Both Meghna’s and Almas’ families were washed away. Both of them kept floating in the sea for days. Meghna floated in the sea for two days holding on to a wooden door. She was brought to the shore by a wave. Similarly, Almas climbed on to a log of wood and fainted. She woke up in a hospital. Both the girls were traumatized after the incident. While Meghna was seen walking on the seashore in daze, Almas does not talk about the incident to anyone. Both of them were not noticed by relief helicopters.

Working with the text

Q:Which words in the list below describe Sanjeev, in your opinion?

cheerful, ambitious, brash, brave, careless, heroic, selfless, heartless, humorous

Use words from the list to complete the three sentences below.
(i) I don’t know if Sanjeev was cheerful, ____________ or _____________.
(ii) I think that he was very brave, ______________ and ____________.
(iii) Sanjeev was not heartless, ____________ or _____________.

A:The words that would describe Sanjeev are brave, heroic, and selfless.
(i) I don’t know if Sanjeev was cheerful, ambitious or humorous.
(ii) I think that he was very brave, heroic and selfless.
(iii) Sanjeev was not heartless, brash or careless.

Q: Go through Part – I carefully, and make a list of a many words as you can find that indicate movement of different kinds. (There is one word that occurs repeatedly — count how many times!) Put them into three categories
fast movement,      slow movement,       neither slow nor fast
Can you explain why there are many words in one column and not in the others?
A:Fast movement  :Earthquake, Rushed,Tremors,  Ran, Fell, Climb
Slow movement: Floating , Recede

Neither slow nor fast  : Walking
Q:   Fill in the blanks in the sentences below (the verbs given in brackets will give you a clue).

(i) The earth trembled, but not many people felt the ____________. (tremble)

(ii) When the zoo was flooded, there was a lot of ________and many animals escaped into the countryside. (confuse)

(iii) We heard with _________that the lion had been recaptured. (relieve)

(iv) The zookeeper was stuck in a tree and his _______ was filmed by the TV crew. (rescue)

(v) There was much ____________in the village when the snake charmer came visiting. (excite)

A:(i) The earth trembled, but not many people felt the trembling.

(ii) When the zoo was flooded, there was a lot of confusion and many animals escaped into the countryside.

(iii) We heard with relief that the lion had been recaptured.

(iv) The zookeeper was stuck in a tree and his rescue was filmed by the TV crew.

(v) There was much excitement in the village when the snake charmer came visiting.

Q: Say whether the following sentences are in the Active or the Passive voice. Write A or P after each sentence as shown in the first sentence.

(i) Someone stole my bicycle. ____A____

(ii) The tyres were deflated by the traffic police. _________

(iii) I found it last night in a ditch near my house. __________

(iv) It had been thrown there. __________

(v) My father gave it to the mechanic. ______________

(vi) The mechanic repaired it for me. ______________

A :(i) Someone stole my bicycle. A

(ii) The tyres were deflated by the traffic police. P

(iii) I found it last night in a ditch near my house. A

(iv) It had been thrown there. P

 

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