key terms-irony and sarcasm

Definition with examples



  1. the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

“‘Don’t go overboard with the gratitude,’ he rejoined with heavy irony”


synonyms: sarcasm, sardonicism, dryness, causticity, sharpness, acerbity, acid, bitterness, trenchancy, mordancy, cynicism; More

mockery, satire, ridicule, derision, scorn, sneering;

wryness, backhandedness;


“that note of irony in her voice”

antonyms: sincerity
  1. a state of affairs or an event that seems deliberately contrary to what one expects and is often wryly amusing as a result.index

plural noun: ironies

“the irony is that I thought he could help me”

synonyms: paradox, paradoxical nature, incongruity, incongruousness, peculiarity

“the irony of the situation hit her”

antonyms: logic
  1. a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character’s words or actions is clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character.

Noun: dramatic irony; plural noun: tragic irony



the use of irony to mock or convey contempt.

“she didn’t like the note of sarcasm in his voice”

synonyms: derision, mockery, ridicule, satire, irony, scorn, sneering, scoffing, gibing, taunting; More




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