The Listeners by Walter de la Mare

Walter de la Mare craftily evokes in the reader a sense of mystery and suspense in the poem, “The Listeners”.  The opening question asked by the traveller, “Is there anybody there” with poses a question to every reader a fundamental question- Do we have an awareness of where we are. Instead of using ‘here’, the poet deliberately uses ‘there’ to evoke an indifferent attitude of the listeners. In fact nobody listens and responds. The ghosts just stand in awe but they don’t respond. The questions are again and again reverberated and resounded in the open air which indirectly teases the indifferent attitude of those who encounter the traveler.

The need of doing one’s duty without thinking or worried about the outcome or other’s reaction to it is aptly depicted when the traveller says, ” Tell them  I came, and no one answered that I kept my word”. The every word he uttered echoed through the shadowiness of the still house. Just do our duty and withdraw from the front paving way for others. Life after all a duty and a journey that happens in a wilderness or at a ‘house of ghosts’ where the expected response wouldn’t happen.

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The gold frame by R.K Lakshman- humour revealed from anxiety and phobia

The other day, I was assigned with some classes for VIII Standard. I was very happy to glance through the Main Course Book, Buzzward Series. I found some fabulous collection of short stories. The first one, the above mentioned one gave me a great momentum. It seemed that the writer has deliberately used very good vocabulary which adds a lot of hum our aesthetic significance to the story.

The story evolves around Dutta, who runs ‘The Modern Frame Works” shop where the photos are framed.

The Best Christmas Present in the World-Class VIII CBSE English. real episode of love

Summary

The Roll-Top: The author found a roll-top desk in a junk shop. He thought that he could restore it. So he bought it and began to work on it on Christmas eve.

The Letter: He pulled out the drawers. He found that these had been badly damaged by fire and water. The last drawer stuck fast. When it opened, it revealed a secret space. In it he found a small tin box. Over it he found a notice which read “Jim’s last letter.” There was a letter inside addressed “12 Copper Beeches, Bridpot. The date was given December 26, 1914.

Jim and Connie: The author read the letter. The owner of the desk might have put it in. The letter had been written by a captain of the English army, Jim McPherson. He had written it to his wife Connie. A wonderful incident had happened on the battlefield on the Christmas eve. Jim McPherson had narrated it in his letter. 
Unforgettable Moments: The English and Germans were at war. The two armies stood in their respective trenches. Suddenly McPherson saw someone waving a white flag from the enemy side and heard Christmas wishes. The English too responded them and wished them from their side. Then, they thought  it was all over. But, to their surprise……

Hans Wolf and Jim chatted about their lands. Hans told that he knew Dorset very well to where Jim belongs to. He has never been to England but he spoke English very well. His favorite writer was Thomas Hardy and favorite book was ‘Far from the madding crowd’. They shared many thoughts and food Hans Wolf and Jim chatted about their lands. Hans told that he knew Dorset very well to where Jim belongs to. He has never been to England but he spoke English very well. His favorite writer was Thomas Hardy and favorite book was ‘Far from the madding crowd’. They shared many thoughts and food War or Football; Then a soldier brought out a football. The soldiers played in the no mans land while the captains clapped and cheered

Hans Wolf suggested that the world would be much better if the problems are solved by football matches rather than wars. Because, in a football match the winner and the loser are chosen without any bloodshed.The Celebration: After the football match, all the drinks and food were consumed. Now it was time to part. Both the armies saluted each other and the Germans walked away slowly. Jim bid farewell to Hans in moist eyes. In the night both the armies were heard singing carols. And, the peaceful celebration  of Christmas came to an end

The Hope: McPherson ended the letter hoping that the war would end soon. He wrote that both the armies longed for peace and he was sure that they would be together again.Having read the letter, the author, put it back in the envelope. He decided to give the letter back to whom it belonged. The address was of Bridpot, Dorset. So he drove to that place.

The Tsunami- CBSE grade VIII English

Summary

In tsunami Ignecious , the manager of a cooperative society, lost two of his children, wife and father-in-law as he could not get alarmed by the tremor.
Sanjeev was a policeman. He jumped into the water to rescue his cook’s wife, but they were both swept away.
Both Meghna’s and Almas’ families were washed away. Both of them kept floating in the sea for days. Meghna floated in the sea for two days holding on to a wooden door. She was brought to the shore by a wave. Similarly, Almas climbed on to a log of wood and fainted. She woke up in a hospital. Both the girls were traumatized after the incident. While Meghna was seen walking on the seashore in daze, Almas does not talk about the incident to anyone. Both of them were not noticed by relief helicopters.

Tilly Smith (a British school girl ) was able to save many lives when the tsunami struck Phuket beach in Thailand as she had seen the sea behaving in the same way in a video in her class of a tsunami that had hit the Hawaiian islands in 1946. She had won a number of awards. The tourist thanked Tilly and her geography lesson that had warned her.
Before tsunami in India and Sri Lanka, wild and domestic animals fled to safety, elephants ran for higher grounds; dogs refuse to go outdoors; flamingos abandoned their low-lying breeding areas as seemed to know what was about to happen.
It is believed that animals either posses a sixth sense or have more acute hearing that helps them to hear or feel earth’s vibration. Near about 150,000 people killed in tsunami in a dozen countries but not many animals reported dead.

Answers of Text Book

Q: Say whether the following are true or false

  •  Ignecious lost his wife, two children, his father-in law, and his brother-in-law in the tsunami.
  • Sanjeev made it to safety after the tsunami.
  • Meghna was saved by a relief helicopter.
  •  Almas’s father realised that a tsunami was going to hit the island.
  •  Her mother and aunts were washed away with the tree that they were holding on to.

 Answer:

  • True
  • False(Sanjeev was swept away when he jumped into the water to rescue the wife of the guesthouse cook.)
  • False(Meghna saw relief helicopters overhead, but they did not see her. She was brought to the shore by a wave.)
  •  True
  •  True

 Answer the following in a phrase or sentence.

Q: Why did Tilly’s family come to Thaliand?
A: Tilly’s family came to Thailand to celebrate Christmas at a beach resort.

Q:What were the warning sign that both Tilly and her mother saw?
A: Both Tilly and her mother saw the sea rising and swelling up forming whirlpools.

Q:Do you think Tilly’s mother was alarmed by them?
A: Tilly’s mother could not understand what was happening and only realized that something serious was going to happen when Tilly got frightened and mentioned what a Tsunami was.

Q:Where had Tilly seen the sea behaving in the same strange fashion?
A: Tilly had seen the sea behaving in the same strange fashion in a video of a tsunami (shown in her geography class) which had hit the Hawaiian Islands in 1946.

Q:Where did the Smith family and the others on the beach go to escape from the tsunami?
A: The Smith family and the others on the beach took refuge on the third floor of a hotel.

Q:How do you think her geography teacher felt when he heard about what Tilly had done in Phuket?
A: Tilly’s geography teacher must have felt proud of her as she had made use of what she had learnt in class to help save so many lives.

 

Q: How did Sanjeev loose his life?
A:  Sanjeev was a policeman. When he heard cries for help from the wife of his cook, he jumped into the water to rescue her. But they were both swept away.

Q: What is Tsunami? How it is caused?
A:. A Tsunami is a very large and powerful wave caused by earthquakes under the sea. It is caused by earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides.

Q: Why was Tilly awarded?
A: Tilly was awarded because she had saved the lives of many tourists after remembering the video of a Tsunami which was shown in her class.

Long answers

Q: When he felt the earthquake, do you think Ignesious immediately worried about a tsunami? Give reasons for your answer. Which sentence in the text tells you that the Ignesious family did not have any time to discuss and plan their course of action after the tsunami struck?

A: No, Ignesious did not suspect a tsunami when he felt the tremors. He put his television set on the ground so that it would not fall and break. This shows that he was not get worried of a tsunami immediately. Otherwise, he would have rushed out of the house immediately. The sentence in the text which shows that the Ignesious family did not have any time to discuss and plan their course of action after the tsunami struck is: ‘in the chaos and confusion, two of his children caught hold of the hands of their mother’s father and mother’s brother, and rushed in the opposite direction.’

Q:How are Meghna and Almas’s stories similar?
A:Both Meghna’s and Almas’ families were washed away. Both of them kept floating in the sea for days. Meghna floated in the sea for two days holding on to a wooden door. She was brought to the shore by a wave. Similarly, Almas climbed on to a log of wood and fainted. She woke up in a hospital. Both the girls were traumatized after the incident. While Meghna was seen walking on the seashore in daze, Almas does not talk about the incident to anyone. Both of them were not noticed by relief helicopters.

Working with the text

Q:Which words in the list below describe Sanjeev, in your opinion?

cheerful, ambitious, brash, brave, careless, heroic, selfless, heartless, humorous

Use words from the list to complete the three sentences below.
(i) I don’t know if Sanjeev was cheerful, ____________ or _____________.
(ii) I think that he was very brave, ______________ and ____________.
(iii) Sanjeev was not heartless, ____________ or _____________.

A:The words that would describe Sanjeev are brave, heroic, and selfless.
(i) I don’t know if Sanjeev was cheerful, ambitious or humorous.
(ii) I think that he was very brave, heroic and selfless.
(iii) Sanjeev was not heartless, brash or careless.

Q: Go through Part – I carefully, and make a list of a many words as you can find that indicate movement of different kinds. (There is one word that occurs repeatedly — count how many times!) Put them into three categories
fast movement,      slow movement,       neither slow nor fast
Can you explain why there are many words in one column and not in the others?
A:Fast movement  :Earthquake, Rushed,Tremors,  Ran, Fell, Climb
Slow movement: Floating , Recede

Neither slow nor fast  : Walking
Q:   Fill in the blanks in the sentences below (the verbs given in brackets will give you a clue).

(i) The earth trembled, but not many people felt the ____________. (tremble)

(ii) When the zoo was flooded, there was a lot of ________and many animals escaped into the countryside. (confuse)

(iii) We heard with _________that the lion had been recaptured. (relieve)

(iv) The zookeeper was stuck in a tree and his _______ was filmed by the TV crew. (rescue)

(v) There was much ____________in the village when the snake charmer came visiting. (excite)

A:(i) The earth trembled, but not many people felt the trembling.

(ii) When the zoo was flooded, there was a lot of confusion and many animals escaped into the countryside.

(iii) We heard with relief that the lion had been recaptured.

(iv) The zookeeper was stuck in a tree and his rescue was filmed by the TV crew.

(v) There was much excitement in the village when the snake charmer came visiting.

Q: Say whether the following sentences are in the Active or the Passive voice. Write A or P after each sentence as shown in the first sentence.

(i) Someone stole my bicycle. ____A____

(ii) The tyres were deflated by the traffic police. _________

(iii) I found it last night in a ditch near my house. __________

(iv) It had been thrown there. __________

(v) My father gave it to the mechanic. ______________

(vi) The mechanic repaired it for me. ______________

A :(i) Someone stole my bicycle. A

(ii) The tyres were deflated by the traffic police. P

(iii) I found it last night in a ditch near my house. A

(iv) It had been thrown there. P

 

On the grasshopper and the cricket by John Keats


On the grasshopper and the cricket is a poem written by John Keats which deals with the cycle of life and nature. It is a Patriarchal sonnet, as it is divided in an octave and a sestet. Generally these two parts oppose each other. This poem was written on December of 1816 and is based on Aesop’s fable The ant and the Grasshopper. The first octave refers to the grasshopper who jumps “from hedge to hedge”, having a delightful summer. The sestet refers to the cricket beside the stove, in the cold winter, when there is no life and all is static.

The author uses some words such as “hot sun”, “summer luxury”, “pleasant weed”, “delights”, to convey the idea that the octave refers to summer. The voice describes the grasshopper enjoying the summer from beginning to end, “jumping from hedge to hedge”.

We can see that the author alludes to winter in the sestet, by words such as “frost” “lone” “silence” “stove” “drowsiness”  to make winter more delightful by changing the order of the word “never”, to emphasize the fact that in summer everything is dark and sad, but there is something of joy. This inversion is to highlight that there is always cheerfulness in every moment. The creak of the cricket emphasize the idea that life is not over, that it is still alive.

The voice is present in the poem, when it says “one” because that “one” can be anyone. The tone of this poem is reflective
The grasshopper and the cricket symbolize the young part of life and happiness. The cricket symbolizes the last years of life, the “winter”, because during winter there is no life. But there is a “cricket” which makes old people to continue enjoying life.

Text book solutions

1.Discuss with your partner the following definition of a poem.
A poem is made of words arranged in a beautiful order. These words, when read aloud with feeling, have a music and meaning of their own.

Ans. The statement is true. Poetry is really the magic of words and sound. So when these words are read, they give a music of their own. This is there not only in rhythm and rhyme, it is there in the order of the words too.

2.The Poetry of earth’ is not made of words. What is it made of, as suggested in the poem?
Ans. The poetry of earth is made of sounds.

3.Find in the poem lines that match the following.
(i) The grasshopper’s happiness never come to an end.

(ii) The cricket’s song has a warmth that never decreases.
Ans. (i) he has never done with his delights.

(ii) The cricket’s song, in warmth increasing ever.

4.Which word in stanza 2 is opposite in meaning to ‘the frost’?
Ans. The word is ‘warmth’.

5.The poetry of earth continues round the year through a cycle of two seasons. Mention each with its representative voice.
Ans. The seasons are summer and winter. The summer’s representative voice is – grasshopper’s.

The winter’s representative voice is – cricket’s.

Identify the tense and change into indirect speech

  1. She says “What time will you be home?”
  2. She said “What time will you be home?”
  3. I said “I don’t know!”
  4. John said, “There’s an elephant outside the window.”
  5. She said, “I saw him.”
  6. She said, “Today’s lesson is on presentations.”
  7. She said, “I’m teaching English online.”
  8. She said, “I’ve been on the web since 1999.”
  9. She said, “I’ve been teaching English for seven years.” –
  10. She said, “I taught online yesterday.”
  11. She said, “I was teaching earlier.”
  12. She said, “I’d already been teaching for five minutes.”
  13. She said, “I’ll teach English online tomorrow.”
  14. She said, “I can teach English online.”
  15. He said, “It’s been a real day for expectations. “
  16. He asked, “Where were you? “
  17. I’ve been waiting here for an hour.
  18. He said, “didn’t you leave a note?”
  19. She said, “I wasn’t planning on going anywhere.”
  20. He said, “I can see that.”
  21. He asked, “Where’s your coat?”
  22. She said, “I left the house in a hurry.”
  23. They called me when they couldn’t get you.
  24. He said, “I don’t understand your mother.”
  25. You said, “ I ran out to buy some flowers for her”.
  26. She said, “for three hours you’ve been buying flowers.”
  27. He said, “ And then I drove around.”
  28. He said, “But I’m fine now.”
  29. You didn’t go by the hospital?
  30. He said, “ Look, I’m freezing.”
  31. He said, “Let’s go inside.”
  32. Why did the hospital call?
  33. He asked, “Does the doctor need my signature for more tests?”
  34. He said, “We have to go to the hospital. ‘
  35. She said, “I’ve had a terrible”
  36. They said, “We have to go to the hospital.”
  37. Barra asked Ari, ” are you a doctor?”
  38. The dentist told me, “don’t eat candy too much!”
  39. Lina said, ” I must study now.”
  40. Nina said, “I will be going to Seoul tomorrow.”
  41. Cinta said,” I have studied hard for the final exam”
  42. George said, ” I watched the vampire diaries series yesterday.”
  43. Camille said, ” I went to school on foot yesterday.”
  44. The police told me, “show me your license!”
  45. Esme warned me, “don’t go to the forest by yourself.”
  46. Ridho said, ” I have been studied for TOEFL test.”
  47. ‘Congratulations! You have come first in the exams,’ the principal said to me.
  48. Mohit’s father said, ‘We must not watch TV while having our dinner.’
  49. ‘What an expensive car he drives!’ remarked Rahul’s neighbour.
  50. ‘How well you speak German,’ his teammate remarked.
  51. ‘Hurry up!’ said Viru’s mother. ‘The bus will be here in a minute.’
  52. The policeman ordered the truck driver, ‘Show your licence.’
  53. ‘You will have to surrender your passport,’ the officer said to the passenger.
  54. My grandfather said, ‘May you have a long life!’
  55. Mr Jain said to his colleague, ‘Will you please drop me at the airport?’
  56. ‘Light travels in a straight line,’ the teacher explained.
  57. ‘I saw an interesting film last evening,’ said my friend.
  58. The caller asked, ‘May I speak with Shweta?’
  59. ‘May I know who is on the line?’ her father enquired.
  60. ‘Ouch! The bee stung me!’ the child said.
  61.  ‘What do you want?’ she asked him.
  62.  ‘Are you coming with us?’ he asked me.
  63.  He asked, ‘When do you intend to make the payment?’’
  64.  ‘Do you come from China?’ said the prince to the girl.
  65.  The poor man exclaimed, ‘Will none of you help me?’
  66.  ‘Which way should I go?’ asked the little girl..
  67. Alladin said to the magician, ‘What have I done to deserve so severe a punishment?’
  68.  ‘Don’t you know the way home?”’ I said to her.
  69.  ‘Do you write a good hand?’ the teacher said to the student.
  70.  ‘Have you anything to say on behalf of the accused?’ said the judge finally.
  71.  ‘Have you anything to tell me, little bird?’ asked Ulysses.
  72.  ‘Who are you, sir, and what do you want?’ they asked.
  73.  The king was impressed with the magician and asked, ‘What can I do for you?’
  74. She asked, ‘What is it that makes you stronger and braver than other men?’
  75.  ‘Can you solve this problem?’ he asked me.
  76. “Where is my umbrella?” she asked.
  77. How are you?” Martin asked us.
  78. He asked, “Do I have to do it?”
  79. “Where have you been?” the mother asked her daughter.
  80. “Which dress do you like best?” she asked.
  81. “What are they doing?” she asked.
  82. “Are you going to the cinema?” he asked me.

83. The teacher asked, “Who speaks English?”

A Visit to Cambridge -Stephen Hawking and Firdaus Kanga

Stephen Hawking is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author. He is best known fore his attempts to explain in clear terms of the universe and some of the most complicated aspects of the cosmos and physics. Hawking was the first scientist to offer a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.

Stephen Hawking was born on 8th January 1942 in Oxford, England. His family had moved to Oxford to escape the threat of V2 rockets over London. As a child he showed prodigious talents, if unorthodox study  methods. On leaving school he got a place at University College, Oxford University where he studied Physics. His Physics tutor at Oxford, Robert Berman, later said that Stephen Hawking was an extraordinary  student. He used few books and made no notes, but could work out theorems and solutions in away other students couldn’t.

“My goal is simple. It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.”

On gaining a B. A Hons in Physics he briefly stayed to study Astronomy but was not interested in observing sun spots so  moved to Trinity College, Cambridge where he was able to pursue his passion for theoretical astronomy and cosmology.

It was in Cambridge that Stephen Hawking first started to develop symptoms of neuro mascular problems- a type of motor neuron disease. This quickly affected his physical ability. His speech became slurred and he became unable to even feed himself. At one stage, the doctors gave him a life span of three years. However, the progress of the disease slowed down and he has managed to overcome  his severe disability to continue his research and active public engagements. At Cambridge, a fellow scientist developed a synthetic speech device which enabled him to speak by using a touch pad. Nevertheless, it can still be a time consuming process for him to communicate. Stephen Hawking has taken a pragmatic view to his disability. “It is a waste of time to be angry about my disability. One has to get on with life and I haven’t done badly. People won’t have time for you  if you are always angry or complaining. ” He said once.

Stephen Hawking’s principle fields of research have been involved in theoretical cosmology and quantum gravity.

Amongst many other achievements, he developed a mathematical model fore Einsteins’s General Theory of Relativity. He has also undertaken a lot of work on the nature of the Universe, The Big Bang and Black Holes.

Despite being one of the best physicists of his generation, he has also been able to translate difficult physics models into a general understanding for the general public. His books-A Brief History of Time and The Universe in A Nutshell have both became bestsellers= with a Brief History of Time being in the best selllers lists for over 230 weeks. In his books, Hawking tries to explain scientific concepts in everyday language and give an overview to the workings behind the cosmos.

Summary of the lesson

The name of the lesson is ‘A visit to Cambridge’ and its writer name is Firdaus Kanga . In this lesson the writer could move only a wheelchair. He accepted his disability as a warrior.  He made a journey all over the world.  And he proved his ability is the greatest among normal people.

He went to Cambridge and met Mr. Stephen Hawking who is totally paralyzed although he wrote a great book. He thought that disable people should not be worried about their condition and always thinking positive.  If those people get attention towards their ability then they can get easily their goal.

This lesson motivates the disable people also the normal people.

Text book solutions

Q.1 (i) Did the prospect of meeting Stephen Hawking make the writer nervous? If so, why?
 Ans. Yes, he felt nervous when he went to meet Stephen Hawking because he was fed up with people asking him to be brave.
(ii)  Did he at the same time feel very excited?  If so, Why?
Ans. Yes, he felt very excited at the same time because Stephen Hawking was also totally paralysed, still he had made great achievement.  This gave him strength to do so still better.
Q.2 Guess the first question put to the scientist by the writer.
Ans. “You have been very brave, haven’t you?” said the narrator.
Q.3 Stephen Hawking said, “I’ve had no choice.”  Does the writer think there was a choice?  What was it?
Ans. Yes, the writer thought that Stephen Hawking had a choice.  He chose to live creatively despite his paralysis.
Q.4 “I could feel his anguish.”  What could be the anguish.
Ans: Stephen’s anguish was that he found it difficult to find the right words on his computer.  Hw felt frustrated and tired.
Q.5 What endeared the scientist to the writer so that he said he was looking at one of the most beautiful men in the world?
Ans  What endeared Hawking to the writer was his frankness.  Without being sentimental or silly, he declared that he was annoyed when somebody came to disturb him in his work.
Q.6 Read aloud the description of ‘the beautiful’ man.  Which is the most beautiful sentence in the description?
Ans  ‘Before you, like a lantern whose walls are worn so thin you glimpse only the light inside, is the incandescence of a man.’
Q.7 (i) If ‘the lantern’ is the man, what would its ‘walls’ be?
Ans. The walls of the lantern are formed by the body.
(ii) What is housed within the thin walls?
Ans.  The eternal soul.

(iii) What general conclusion does the writer draw from this comparision?
Ans. The writer draws the conclusion that each of us is an eternal soul, the body is not such an essential thing.
Q.8  What is scientist’s message for disabled?
Ans.  Stephen Hawking’s message for the disabled people is that they should concentrate on what they are good at.  Olympics for the handicapped or disabled people are a waste of time.
Q.9  Why does the writer refer to the guitar incident? Which idea does it support?
Ans. The writer supports Hawking’s idea that the disabled people must not try to overreach themselves.  The writer once tried to play a big guitar.  He felt defeated.  So he destroyed it one night.
Q.10  The writer expresses his great gratitude to Stephen Hawking.  What is the gratitude for?
Ans. The writer expresses his gratitude to Hawking for giving him strength and confidence to be brave and to live creatively.

 

The Great Stone Face- A Story Built on a Prohecy

The Great Stone Face is a spiritual story written by Nathaniel Hawthrone. It answers the question: Why do human beings attain greatnes and nobility? The whole story is told on the Great Stone Face which was a work of nature. It was formed on the perpendicular side of a mountain by some immense rocks. When viewed at a proper distance, it resembled the features of a human face. The people who lived in the valley beneath the stone face had believed in a prophecy. The prophecy was that at some future day  a child should be born in the valley was destined to become the greatest and noblest person of his time and whose face would resemble to the Great Stone Face.

In the opening of the story, we find a mother and his son named Ernest. The mother lived in the log-cottage suggestive of their poverty and simplicity. The child was dutiful and helpful to her mother. The mother tells  the prophecy to him. Ernest was was a pensive child and since he had no teacher, the Great Stone Face had become a teacher to him. He would gaze at the Stone Face for hours until he imagined that those features recognised him. It gave him a smile of kindness and encouragement.

About this time there went a great rumour in the valley that a great man bearing the resemblance to the Great Stone Face had appeared at last. His name was Gathergold who left the valley and settled at a distant seaport. He set up a business and had become very rich and returned to the valley. Everyone in the valley except Ernest considered him as the fulfillment of the prophecy the Great Stone Face seemed told him.” Fear not He is yet to come.”

The years went on and Ernest grew to be a young man. He attracted little notice from the inhabitants of the valley. They found nothing remarkable in him except that he was industrious, kind and neighbourly. They didn’t know that Great Stone Face, his teacher would enlarge the young man’s heart and fill it with deeper sympathies than other hearts.By this time, Mr. Gathergold was dead and buried. His wealth, which was the spirit and body of his existence had disappeared before his death. People of the valley changed their opinion and started to look for the great man to come.

It so happened that another son of the valley had become a soldier many years before. He was a great warrior and his names was Blood -and -Thunder.After many years he returned and inhabitants of the valley took him as the great man. However, Ernest’s teacher (The Great Stone Face) whispered again, “Fear not, he will come.”

Years passed Ernest became a middle aged man. There appeared white hairs on his head. B ut his wisdom became known beyond his valley. Many people, even college professors came to see and converse with him. He received them with sincerity.He spoke freely and his face would brighten and shine upon them.

While Ernest was growing old, God had granted a new poet to this earth. He too was a native of the valley.The songs of the poet found their way to Ernest. He asked, “O Great Stone Face,is not this man worthy to be your likeness?” The face only smiled to him but did not answer. The poet eventually pays a visit to Ernest. The poet sat beside him and they talked together. The poet had never talked with a man like Earnest, so wise, gentle and kind. Ernest examined the features of the poet and became sad that the prohecy was not fulfiilled so far. He thought it would be fulfilled in the poet.

The poet admitted that he is not worhy to be the likness of the Great Stone Face as his life hasn’t corresponded with his thoughts.They cried together. As usual in the evening Ernest started speaking to a group of neighbours in the open air. He began to talk what was in his heart and mind. His words had power because they agreed with his thoughts. His thoughts had reality and depth because they harmonised with the life which  he had always lived. The poet listened to his words and his eyes filled with tears and he said to himself that never was there so worthy of a sage as that mild, sweet, thoughtful face, with with the glory of white hear in Ernest. The poet instantly shouted, “behold! Ernest is himself the likeness of the Great Stone Face!” The inhabitants of the valley saw what the poet said was true. The prophecy was fulfilled. However, Ernest, after finishing his talk went home still hoping that some wiser and better man than himself would appear one day resembling the Great Stone Face.

The story teaches us that nature is the greatest teacher and not books. The greatest things in life are not wealth, power and human knowledge. It is in attaining wisdom that a human being becomes really great and noble. The life that is remarkable in the eyes of the world is not the real great life!

Questions

What was Ernest’s image in the valley ?
Ans.- Earnest commanded respect in the valley. He was heard patiently by his neighbours. He was regarded as wise and noble.

Why did his words and thoughts have force and appeal ?
Ans.- his words expressed real thought s, and his thoughts were in harmony with his real life. So both had great force and appeal.

How did his speech affect the poet ?
Ans.- the poet was greatly impressed by ernest’s speech. He felt that ernest’s own life and character  were a nobler kind of poetry than his own.

How did the poet happen to meet ernest ?
Ans.- the poet had been a native of the valley. One summer day he arrived at ernest’s door and asked for a night’s shelter.

Why did ernest admire the poet ?
Ans.- ernest admired the poet for his great thoughts and dreams as expressed in his poems.

What was the poet’s assesment about his own worthiness ?
Ans.- the poet had no misunderstanding about his own worth. He admitted that his own life was different from his poems  and his dreams were hollow.

Where did ernest stand in the poet’s estimation ?
Ans.- the poet called ernest ‘pure seeker of the good and true,’ a great and noble soul.

What did the people accept as true about ernest ?
Ans.- the people accepted at once that earnest himself was the noblest and the greatest man bearing the likeness of the stone face.

The story was completed. Elaborate and explain ?
Ans.- ernest had heard the story from his own mother that some day a person, a native of the valley, would become the greatest and noblest person of his time, and his face would resemble the stone face.

Did ernest himself believe that the old prophecy had come true ? What did he say about it ?
Ans.-  no, ernest himself did not believe so because he was very humble and ideal person.

Questions in the text book

How was ernest different from others in the valley ?
Ans.- ernest became known among the people as good and simple hearted man. Noble and powerful thought scame out of his mouth. He became famous beyond the valley.?

Why did ernest think the poet was like the stone face ?
Ans.- the songs of the poet  found their way to ernest. He read them after his day’s work and found them worthy. So he began to think that the poet was like the stone face.

What did the poet himself say about his thoughts and poems ?
Ans.- the poet admitted that his songs were heavenly, and dreams were grand. But his life did not agree with his great thoughts. He lacked sincere faith in his own thoughts. His  dreams were mere hollow dreams.

What made the poet proclaim earnest was the stone face ?
Ans.- the poet heard Ernest’s address to the people. He felt that earnest’s own life and character were a nobler kind of poetry than he had ever written. He saw white clouds around the stone face and white hair on Ernest’s head. He could not help declaring that ernest himself was the stone face.

  1. Write ‘Ernest’ or ‘poet’ , against statements below
    a) there was a gap between his life and his words. (poet)

b) his words had the power of truth as they agreed with his thoughts. (Ernest)

c) his words were as soothing as a heavenly song but only as useful as a vague dream. (poet)

d) his thoughts were worthy. (poet)

e) whatever he said was truth itself. (ernest)

f) his poems were noble. (earnest thought so.)

G) his life was nobler  than all the poems. (Ernest)

h) he lacked faith in his own thoughts. (poet)

i) his thoughts had power as they agreed with the life he lived. (Ernest)

j) greatness lies in truth. Truth is best expressed in one’s actions. He was truthful, therefore he was great. (Ernest)

  1. A) who, by common consent, turned out to be like the great stone face.

Ans.- Ernest.

B) did Ernest believe that the old prophecy had come true ? What did say about it ?

Ans.- no. He did not believe that the  prophecy made by his mother had come true. As he walked homeward, he still hoped that some man wiser and better than himself, bearing a likeness to the great stone face, would appear.


Mark the meaning that best fits the word or a phrase in the story :
1.) Sun going down.     A) becoming smaller,
b)  weakening
c)  setting

2.) Brightening .            A) making it look bright and cheerful.
B) lending a special glow
c) causing to appear hopeful

3.) Spacious.                      A) lonely and wild
b) big and wide
c) special and important

4.) Prophecy.                     A) proverb
b) prediction
c) rumour

5.) Marvellous.                A) wonderful
b) surprising
c) shocking

6.) Proclaim.                      A) reveal
b) declare
c) shout

7.) Cease.                               A) happen
b) stop
c) remain

8.) Shelter.                         A) stay
b) safety
c) hospitality

9.) Gazed.                             A) wandered about
b) stared at
c)  thought of

10.) Took on.                       A) challenged
b)  resembled
c) assumed